The Six Nations - The Facts and the History

The Six Nations - The Facts and the History

Everything you have ever wanted to know about the Six Nations and more

The 2017 RBS 6 Nations takes place from February 4th to March 18th , as England bid to not only defend their title but also maintain their winning run which now stands at 14 matches.

Eddie Jones' side are now just four wins short of New Zealand's world record for consecutive victories and a second successive Grand Slam in the coming months would see them break that mark with 19.

However, Ireland are hot on the heels of England in the betting to reclaim the trophy they last won in 2015 while Wales, France and Scotland will also harbour aspirations to halt the Red Rose charge. Italy, as ever, are the tournament outsiders.

This year's Six Nations will also see the introduction of a bonus-point system - details of which will be explained below.

FIXTURES & TV NEWS

SATURDAY
FEBRUARY 4th

Scotland v Ireland (Murrayfield) - 1425 GMT, BBC

England v France (Twickenham) - 1650 GMT, ITV

SUNDAY
FEBRUARY 5th

Italy v Wales (Stadio Olimpico) - 1400 GMT, ITV

SATURDAY
FEBRUARY 11th

Italy v Ireland (Stadio Olimpico) - 1445 GMT, ITV

Wales v England (Principality Stadium) - 1650 GMT, BBC

SUNDAY
FEBRUARY 12th

France v Scotland (Stade de France) - 1500 GMT, BBC

SATURDAY
FEBRUARY 25th

Scotland v Wales (Murrayfield) - 1425 GMT, BBC

Ireland v France (Aviva Stadium) - 1650 GMT, ITV

SUNDAY
FEBRUARY 26th

England v Italy (Twickenham) - 1500 GMT, ITV

FRIDAY
MARCH 10th

Wales v Ireland (Principality Stadium) - 2005 GMT, BBC

SATURDAY
MARCH 11th

Italy v France France (Stadio Olimpico) - 1330 GMT, ITV

England v Scotland (Twickenham) - 1600 GMT, ITV

SATURDAY
MARCH 18th

Scotland v Italy (Murrayfield) - 1230 GMT, BBC

France v Wales (Stade de France) - 1445 GMT, ITV

Ireland v England (Aviva Stadium) - 1700 GMT, ITV

Standings & Bonus Points Points System (including bonus details)

A winning team can gain a maximum of five points while a losing team can still earn up to two points.

The maximum total number of points a team can win over the tournament is 28 (5x5 plus three Grand Slam bonus points). Six Nations 2017:

Odds & Betting Tips

England are Sky Bet's pre-tournament favourites at 4/5 to retain their Six Nations crown while 2015 winners Ireland are next in the running at 9/4 .

Wales can be backed at 13/2 to get their hands on the trophy for the first time since 2013 while France are 12/1 to end their drought which dates back to 2010.

Scotland have never won this tournament since it was expanded to six teams but they have been improving and will potential have interested backers at 25/1 . Italy are 500/1 outsiders.

It's 5/6 that no team achieves the Grand Slam but England are 2/1 to repeat the feat of 2016 while Ireland are priced at 9/2 ahead of Wales ( 16/1 ), France ( 40/1 ), Scotland ( 100/1 ) and Italy ( 500/1 ).

England are 13/8 to claim the Triple Crown for which Ireland are 3/1, Wales 8/1 and Scotland 25/1.

Team-by-Team guide.

ENGLAND

Head coach: Eddie Jones

Captain: Dylan Hartley

Six Nations Odds : 4/5 Grand Slam odds 3/1

IRELAND

Head coach: Joe Schmidt

Captain: Rory Best

Six Nations Odds : 9/4 Grand Slam Odds : 9/2

WALES

Head coach: Rob Howley (Warren Gatland on sabatical)

Captain: Alun Wyn Jones

Six Nations Odds : 13/2 Grand Slam Odds : 16/1

SCOTLAND

Head coach: Vern Cotter

Captain: Greg Laidlaw

Six Nations Odds : 25/1 Grand Slam Odds : 100/1

FRANCE

Head coach: Guy Noves

Captain: Guilhem Guirado

Six Nations Odds : 12/1 Grand Slam Odds : 40/1

ITALY

Head coach: Conor O'Shea

Captain: Sergio Parisse

Six Nations Odds : 500/1 Grand Slam Odds : 500/1

Six Nations 2016: Results & Standings

England completed a first Six Nations Grand Slam since 2003 by beating France 31-21 in Paris.

In Eddie Jones' first campaign as head coach, the Red Rose bounced back from their World Cup failure under Stuart Lancaster in the best way possible by ending a run of four successive runners-up placings in the tournament by claiming victories over Scotland, Italy, Ireland, Wales and finally France to achieve a clean sweep. Wales ended up runners-up this time, with defending champions Ireland having to settle for third place ahead of Scotland. Italy took the wooden spoon.

Set out below are the full 2016 tournament results

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 6th

France 23-21 Italy (Stade de France)

Scotland 9-15 England (Murrayfield)

SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 7th

Ireland 16-16 Wales (Aviva Stadium)

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 13th

France 10-9 Ireland (Stade de France)

Wales 27-23 Scotland (Principality Stadium)

SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 14th

Italy 9-40 England (Stadio Olimpico)

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 26th

Wales 19-10 France (Principality Stadium)

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 27th

Italy 20-36 Scotland (Stadio Olimpico)

England 21-10 Ireland (Twickenham)

SATURDAY, MARCH 12th

Ireland 58-15 Italy (Aviva Stadium)

England 25-21 Wales (Twickenham)

SUNDAY, MARCH 13th

Scotland 29-18 France (Murrayfield)

SATURDAY, MARCH 19th

Wales 67-14 Italy (Principality Stadium)

Ireland 35-25 Scotland (Aviva Stadium)

France 21-31 England (Stade de France)

Six Nations 2016 Team of The Tournament

Here, we reveal our team of the tournament, one that contains six Englishmen, three Scots, two Welshmen, two Irish, plus one French and one Italian.

15: STUART HOGG (Scotland) - A brilliant broken-field runner who lit up the tournament with his adventurous approach. Hogg's try against Ireland was spectacular.

14: ANTHONY WATSON (England) - Averages a try every two Tests for England. A classy operator and fine finisher who is getting better and better.

13: MICHELE CAMPAGNARO (Italy) - Missed Italy's abject Six Nations finale against Wales due to injury, but was a consistent shining light throughout a gloomy tournament for the Azzurri that saw them once again collect the wooden spoon.

12: JAMIE ROBERTS (Wales) - A midfield powerhouse in attack and defence, whose consistency of performance proved a highlight of runnersup Wales'Six Nations campaign.

11: GEORGE NORTH (Wales) - Became the first Wales player since Shane Williams eight years ago to score tries in four successive Six Nations games. Almost back to his blistering form of 2013.

10: JOHNNY SEXTON (Ireland) - Tight call between Sexton and Wales number 10 Dan Biggar in a position that saw no player consistently hit the heights this season, but Sexton's ability to make correct choices at critical moments remains strong.

9: BEN YOUNGS (England) - Was outstanding during the Twickenham victory over Wales that ultimately secured title glory. Mixed his game well, and just holds off the challenge of France's Maxime Machenaud.

1: JACK McGRATH (Ireland) - Stepped impressively into the void left by injured Leinster prop Cian Healy, showing impressive maturity at the forward coal-face.

2: GUILHEM GUIRADO (France) - The new Les Bleus captain led from the front. A tough-as-teak forward who scored tries against Wales and Scotland, he was a talisman figure.

3: WILLEM NEL (Scotland) - Has transformed Scotland's scrum by displaying consistently impressive technical skills. Powerful and durable, he is a coach's dream.

4: MARO ITOJE (England) - A player performing with maturity way beyond his 21 years. Delivered one of England's great second-row performances against Wales, he already looks the complete package.

5: GEORGE KRUIS (England) - Took his club second-row partnership with Itoje at Saracens impressively into the Test match arena. Playing the best rugby of his career.

6: CHRIS ROBSHAW (England) - England's World Cup demise under his leadership seems light years away, such has been his revival. Lost the Red Rose captaincy to Dylan Hartley for the Six Nations, but has arguably never played better.

7: JOHN HARDIE (Scotland) - Scotland's outstanding openside flanker proved himself as a high-class operator at the breakdown, where all good number sevens are judged. Very impressive.

8: BILLY VUNIPOLA (England) - A wrecking ball at the back of England's scrum, his prodigious ball carrying and brute strength gave opposition defences nightmares. Magnificent.

Replacements :

16 - Dylan Hartley (England), 17 - Rob Evans (Wales), 18 - Dan Cole (England), 19 - Richie Gray (Scotland),

20 - James Haskell (England), 21 - Maxime Machenaud (France), 22 - Owen Farrell (England), 23 - Liam Williams (Wales).

Six Nations History:

Past Winners & Trophies

2000 Six Nations Champions : England Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : Scotland

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Italy

2001 Six Nations Champions : England Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Scotland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Italy

2002 Six Nations Champions : France Grand Slam : France Triple Crown : England Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Italy

2003 Six Nations Champions : England Grand Slam : England Triple Crown : England Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Wales

2004 Six Nations Champions : France Grand Slam : France Triple Crown : Ireland Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Scotland

2005 Six Nations Champions : Wales Grand Slam : Wales Triple Crown : Wales Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Italy

2006 Six Nations Champions : France Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : Ireland Calcutta Cup : Scotland

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : N/A Wooden Spoon : Italy

2007 Six Nations Champions : France Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : Ireland Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Scotland

2008 Six Nations Champions : Wales Grand Slam : Wales Triple Crown : Wales Calcutta Cup : Scotland

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Italy

2009 Six Nations Champions : Ireland Grand Slam : Ireland Triple Crown : Ireland Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Italy

2010 Six Nations Champions : France Grand Slam : France Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : Shared

Millennium Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Scotland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Italy

2011 Six Nations Champions : England Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : England Millennium

Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : Italy Wooden Spoon : Italy

2012 Six Nations Champions : Wales Grand Slam : Wales Triple Crown : Wales Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Scotland

2013 Six Nations Champions : Wales Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : England Millennium

Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Scotland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : Italy Wooden Spoon : France

2014 Six Nations Champions : Ireland Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : England Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Italy

2015 Six Nations Champions : Ireland Grand Slam : No Triple Crown : No Calcutta Cup : England Millennium

Trophy : Ireland Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Scotland

2016 Six Nations Champions : England Grand Slam : England Triple Crown : England Calcutta Cup : England

Millennium Trophy : England Centenary Quaich : Ireland Giuseppe Garibaldi Trophy : France Wooden Spoon : Italy

ENGLAND

Six Nations Titles : 5 Six Nations Grand Slams : 2 Six Nations Triple Crowns : 4 Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 0 Five Nations Titles : 17 (6) Five Nations Grand Slams : 11 Five Nations Triple Crowns : 16 Five Nations Wooden Spoons : 14

FRANCE

Six Nations Titles : 5 Six Nations Grand Slams : 3 Six Nations Triple Crowns : N/A Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 1 Five Nations Titles : 12 (8) Five Nations Grand Slams : 6 Five Nations Triple Crowns : N/A Five Nations Wooden Spoons : 17

IRELAND

Six Nations Titles : 3 Six Nations Grand Slams : 1 Six Nations Triple Crowns : 4 Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 0 Five Nations Titles : 6 (5) Five Nations Grand Slams : 1 Five Nations Triple Crowns : 4 Five Nations Wooden Spoons : 21

ITALY

Six Nations Titles : 0 Six Nations Grand Slams : 0 Six Nations Triple Crowns : N/A Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 10 Five Nations Titles : N/A Five Nations Grand Slams : N/A Five Nations Triple Crowns : N/A Five Nations Wooden Spoons : N/A

SCOTLAND

Six Nations Titles : 0 Six Nations Grand Slams : 0 Six Nations Triple Crowns : 0 Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 4 Five Nations Titles : 5 (6) Five Nations Grand Slams : 3 Five Nations Triple Crowns : 3 Five Nations Wooden Spoons : 21

WALES

Six Nations Titles : 4 Six Nations Grand Slams : 3 Six Nations Triple Crowns : 3 Six Nations Wooden Spoons : 1 Five Nations Titles : 15 (8) Five Nations Grand Slams : 6 Five Nations Triple Crowns : 11 Five Nations Wooden Spoons : 12

ENGLAND Twickenham Stadium, London Capacity: 82,000

Stadium fact: Twickenham was once a 10-acre vegetable patch for cabbage, mushrooms and fruit trees prior to the Rugby Football Union purchasing the plot in 1907.

Website http://www.englandrugby.com/twickenham

FRANCE Stade de France, Paris Capacity: 80,000

Stadium fact: It is the only stadium to host the finals of both football (1998) and rugby (2007) World Cups. Website: http://www.stadefrance.com/fr

IRELAND Aviva Stadium, Dublin Capacity: 57,000

Stadium fact: The Aviva Stadium is jointly owned by the Irish Rugby Football Union and the Football

Association of Ireland. Website: http://www.avivastadium.ie

ITALY Stadio Olimpico, Rome Capacity: 82,000

Stadium fact: It was built in 1928 and hosted athletics at the 1960 Rome Olympics as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.

Website: www.rbs6nations.com/en/fanzone/venues_stadio_olimpico

SCOTLAND BT Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh Capacity: 67,130

Stadium fact: The ground was purchased from the old Edinburgh Polo Ground at Murray's Field in 1922 for £3,800, with Inverleith staging previous internationals.

Website: www.scottishrugby.org/bt-murrayfield- stadium

WALES Principality Stadium, Cardiff Capacity: 74,500

Stadium fact: The rebranded Millennium Stadium is the second largest venue in the world with a fully retractable roof.

Website: www.principalitystadium.wales

INDIVIDUAL RECORDS

Most appearances: 65 - Brian O'Driscoll (Ireland - 1999-2014)

Most points in a career: 557 - Ronan O'Gara (Ireland - 2000-2013)

Most points in a season: 89 - Jonny Wilkinson (England - 2001)

Most points in a match: 35 - Jonny Wilkinson (England vs Italy - 2001)

Most tries in a career: 26 - Brian O'Driscoll (Ireland - 1999-2014) Most tries in a season: 8 - Cyril Lowe (England, 1914) and Ian Smith (Scotland, 1925)

Most tries in a match: 5 - George Lindsay (Scotland vs Wales, 1887)

Most penalties in a career: 109 - Ronan O'Gara (Ireland - 2000-2013)

Most conversions in a career: 89 - Jonny Wilkinson (England - 1998-2011)

Most drop goals in a career: 11 - Jonny Wilkinson (England - 1998-2011)

TEAM RECORDS

Most outright tournament wins: 26 - England and Wales

Most Grand Slams: 12 - England

Most Triple Crowns: 24 - England

Most tries in a season: 29 - England (2001)

Most points in a season: 229 - England (2001)

RANDOM SIX NATIONS NUMBERS

4 - the number of different Six Nations title winners (England, France, Wales and Ireland).

5 - France's record number of Six Nations titles.

35 - Jonny Wilkinson's record for the most number of points scored by one player in a Six Nations game.

65 - Former Ireland captain Brian O'Driscoll's record for the most number of Six Nations appearances.

26 - O'Driscoll's Six Nations record for the most number of tries scored by one player.

80 - England's record total for the most number of points scored in one Six Nations game.

557 - the record total of career points scored by former Ireland fly-half Ronan O'Gara in the Six Nations.

13 - the number of years since England won a Six Nations Grand Slam.

19 - Welshman Leigh Halfpenny's record for the most number of penalties kicked in one Six Nations season.

55 - England's number of Six Nations wins since the tournament began in 2000.

67 - the number of defeats suffered by Italy during their Six Nations history.

6 - the number of times that Irishmen have been named Six Nations player of the tournament.

– Entry was posted on February 1st, 2017 by James Haskell

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